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Pakistan's nuclear bomb was ready in 1983: AQ Khan

By Lalit K Jha
September 09, 2009 08:43 IST
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Pakistan's nuclear programme was overlooked by the United States in its initial year as Islamabad got involved in the Afghan war against Soviet Union, which resulted in making the bomb in a quick period of six years, Pakistani nuclear scientist A Q Khan has said.

'I maintain that the war had provided us with space to enhance our nuclear capability,' the Pakistani nuclear scientist said in an interview to an Urdu Pakistani television channel.

'The credit (for the nuclear bomb) goes to me and my team because it was a very difficult task, which was next to impossible. But given the US and European pressure on our programme, it is true that had the Afghan war not taken place at that time, we would not have been able to make the bomb as early as we did,' Khan told the Aaj News Television.

The interview with Khan, who was recently released from house arrest, was broadcast in Karachi on August 31. The Directorate of National Intelligence's Open Source Centre helpfully translated it from Urdu.

The translated interview has not been publicly released, but Secrecy News of the Federation of American Scientists (FAS) obtained a copy.

Khan, who was put under house arrest by the previous Musharraf regime, from which he was released early this year said, Pakistan was ready to test a nuclear weapon just six years after it first began to enrich uranium.

'It was 6 April 1978 when we achieved our first centrifugal enrichment of uranium. We had achieved 90 per cent (enrichment) by early 1983,' he said.

'I wrote a letter to General Zia on 10 December 1984, telling him that the weapon was ready and that we could detonate it on a notice of one week,' Khan said.

But Zia decided against testing the bomb, he observed.

'We were allying with the United States in the Afghan war. The aid was coming. We asked Gen Zia and his team to go ahead with the test but they said they could not conduct the test, as it would have serious repercussions. They argued that, since the United States had to overlook our nuclear program due to our support in the Afghan war, it was an opportunity for us to further develop the program. They said the tests could be conducted any time later,' Khan said, according to the translation of the transcripts of the interview.

In addition, to a time line for the Pakistani nuclear weapons program, Khan in his interview also discusses the costs and logistics involved, and his successful efforts to evade export controls. "They could not outmaneuver us, as we remained a step ahead always,' he said.

'Since I had been living in Europe for 15 years, I knew about their industry and suppliers very well. I knew who made what. When I came to Pakistan, I started purchasing equipment from them until they proscribed the selling of equipment to us. Then we started purchasing the same equipment through other countries, for example, Kuwait, Bahrain, UAE, Abu Dhabi, and Singapore,' Khan said.

The interview also provides 'interesting information about Pakistan's supply chains, which he says were the same for Iran and Libya as well,' said Ivanka Barzashka, an FAS researcher who is studying the proliferation of centrifuge technology.

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Lalit K Jha Washington